INTEGRATION OF CLIMATE AND PLANT COMMUNITY COMPOSITION VITAL SIGN DATA TO FORECAST CLIMATE CHANGE AND ITS EFFECT ON ECOSYSTEMS
Journal: Pollution and Environment (PE)
Author: Niels Ludwig*, Werner Schreiber
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
Compared with other parts of the plateau, the vegetation cover of the eastern cliffs of the Ustyurt Plateau has the absolute characteristics of plant algae, which can be explained by the heterogeneity of the environment. In order to make an overall comparative assessment of climate change on the Ustyurt Plateau, we established a linear trend and its significance in long-term precipitation dynamics in different time periods based on the long-term meteorological data of “Zhaslyk” (1976-2015). While analyzing the long-term trend, compared with the historical period (1960-1980) of the development of the Aral Sea crisis, the temperature situation and the nature of precipitation during the period 1980-2015 were compared and analyzed at the “Zhaslyk” weather station. The results showed that the total amount of atmospheric precipitation and average temperature were analyzed. The degree of change in vegetation coverage on the eastern cliffs caused by climate change is related to the formation of ecologically adapted flora. At the same time, the number of main mesophyte communities on the eastern cliffs and the diversity of their compilers have decreased, which is the main biodiversity of the Ustyurt Plateau.